In the Bible, Benjamin is the youngest son of Jacob and Rachel.
In Roman Catholocism, St. Linus was the second pope and a direct descendent of St. Peter.
The feast day of (Pope) Saint Linus (commemorating his death) is September 23.
In Hebrew, Ben translates as “Son” or “Son of”. Also, the first appearance of the name LINUS is in reference to the “son of Apollo, the Sun God.” Apollo accidentally killed this son in a contest. Therefore, his name could be translated as “The Son of the son of the Sun God.”
In classical Greek mythology, Linus was a god-gifted musician who taught Heracles how to play the lyre. The original Linus was a lyre expert. Ben Linus is an expert liar.
His pseudonym and supposed way of coming to the Island refers to the children’s book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, by L. Frank Baum. “Henry Gale” is Dorothy Gale’s Uncle Henry in the popular 1939 film adaptation of the book (the original books never mention Henry’s surname), while the hot air balloon refers to the Wizard himself, who landed on Oz (and subsequently left it) in a hot air balloon. This analogy could be taken one step further by assuming that “Henry”, like the Wizard, was the “man behind the curtain”, i.e. the real leader of the Others, while previously we were led to believe that Tom, or to a greater degree Alvar Hanso, was in charge.